The data visualization of the artists’ biographies is based on contents found in the 21 monographs of the California art research archive. Being published in 1936 and 1937, some of this data might be incorrect, but we chose not to modify them. Moreover, as many artists were still alive at the time of the publishing, many biographies are inevitably unfinished and end in 1936. We add the date of death to give to the reader a point of reference about the artist life.

Visual Style

 The visual style is based on 3 colors, which qualify the events in the artist’s biography :

Visual style

Public domain and copyright note

A work of authorship is in the “public domain” if it is no longer under copyright protection or if it failed to meet the requirements for copyright protection. Works in the public domain may be used freely without the permission of the former copyright owner.

Some materials may be protected by the U.S. Copyright Law (Title 17, U.S.C.). In addition, the reproduction of some materials may be restricted by terms of University of California gift or purchase agreements, donor restrictions, privacy and publicity rights, licensing and trademarks. Transmission or reproduction of materials protected by copyright beyond that allowed by fair use requires the written permission of the copyright owners. Works not in the public domain can not be commercially exploited without permission of the copyright owner. Responsibility for any use rests exclusively with the user.

All requests to reproduce, publish, quote from, or otherwise use collection materials must be submitted in writing to the Head of Public Services, The Bancroft Library, University of California, Berkeley 94720-6000. See:

How to cite the documents ?

For the documents in the public domain, biography file and picture, edited on this blog, please mention the reference to the source  as follows:

  • California art research archive : California Art Research Archive, California Art Research & BANC MSS number. The Bancroft Library, University of California, Berkeley.
  • Pictures : Courtesy of The Bancroft Library, University of California, Berkeley
  • Artist biography’s File : Halley, Gene (ed.). California art research. [Monographs] First series. San Francisco, Calif., 1936-1937. Vol. reference.
  • Historical essay and bibliographical improvements : Schwartz, Ellen. California art research.  [Monographs] First series. San Francisco, Calif., 1936-1937. Microfiche ed. La Jolla, Calif. : L. McGilvery, 1987.

All online resources are connected to the original online publishing via the OAC website or the Berkeley catalog. Please refer to them to get comprehensive source data.

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